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Bringing wool value addition services to Uttrakhand through a PPP approach Implemented by Bhartiya Gramotthan Sanstha, Uttrakhand

Project Summary

Uttrakhand, a pristine Himalayan state, is resource rich with traditional wool based livelihood systems. The buyers from the lower areas use the local wool for its good quality and warmth. Harsil Wool is one of the most popular Himalayan wool. The sheep rearing community typically move to alpine pastures in summer months from the low lying areas and then return during the harsh winter months. This traditional system has helped in restoring the mountain ecosystem. With the advent of technology and development of wool processing units in Ludhiana, Amritsar and Panipat, customers started to buy machine-manufactured wool. The centralization started to buy machine-manufactured wool. The centralization of Wool processing in the hands of a few, dissuaded sheep rearing communities to continue this tradition. To remedy this situation, BGS procures raw wool from the sheep rearers/ producers groups (through Working Capital Funds) and undertakes the processing of the wool at the CFSC by paying processing charges.

Project Facts ! UPNRM Support !

  • Centre (CFSC ), Upper Road Dhalwala, Muni Ki Reti, Dist. Tehri Garhwal, Uttrakhand.
  • Inr. 47.33Lakhs (Loan of Inr. 40 lakhs, Grant of Inr. 7.33 lakhs) to be repaid in 7 years
  • Project Approach

    BGS procures raw materials from producer groups and processes them at CFSC by charging a reasonable price. The CFSC undertakes the following activities:

  • 1-Dusting- Raw wool is sorted manually and made free from heterogeneous impurities and then washed for further processing that takes place in the carding machine.
  • 2- Carding-The washed and dried raw wool is sent to the carding machine from where it is sent to the Gill Boxes and then further into the Bobber for making the wool tops.
  • 3- Spinning and Milling- The wool tops are converted to wool yarn using the process of the worsted ring frame. It forms spin yarn of different count sand is then sent to the cheese winder. In the next step, it is put in the twister for twisting. The yarn next goes into the cone winder. The yarn of required count is finally obtained.
  • 4- Calendaring & Finishing- The unfinished woolen items like shawl/pankhi/stole/muffler/tweed etc. are washed, dried and finally pressed through the calendaring machine and packed to get the finished products.
  • Benefits of the CFSC

  • Customized processing possible Homegrown facility now gives local wool producers an option to customize the processing, spinning, and carding as per their requirements. This was not possible earlier. All processing mistakes are thus minimized.
  • Help to Wool Producers The raw wool that comes from the local producers is generally thick with dirt and other impurities. The fibres also contain trapped organic waste. To remedy this, a very specific process of washing is needed. This washing is controlled at strict temperature points. Since the traditional washing system is too rudimentary, it doesn’t remove all the impurities and results in inferior quality of wool. However, the same wool fetches 3-4 times the market price once washed, dried and carded at the CFSC.
  • Helping Woollen Products manufactures The finishing facility enables local manufactures fetch better prices for their products.
  • Impacts of the Project

    The project is helping in enhancing livelihood of the rural community. It is ensuring continued income generation through sustainable natural resource management. Promotion of sheep rearing activity has led to livelihood generation for the communities while preserving the traditional mountain ecosystems.

  • Transportation cost of the sheep rearers has been reduced as locally produced raw wool is processed at the CFSC.
  • Availability of quality carding, spinning, dyeing and finishing facilities for wool processing at the local level has increased the self-sufficiency of the wool producers.
  • Minimum Support Prince fixed by Govt. is being provided to local wool producers.
  • The income of shepherd community has increased due to the surety of purchase of all grades of wool by CFSC. Earlier then were no takers for low grade wool.
  • The project is leading to the revival of the rich woolen handicraft tradition of Garhwal region as the facility has resulted in easy and cheaper availability of raw material and processing facilities. Income boost has been seen for many artisan families of the region thus stopping migration.
  • Better prices for good quality finished products have made this activity lucrative for local shepherds and producers.
  • Mr Anil Chandola

    Bhratiya Garmotthan Sanstha
    Upper Road Dhalwala, Rishikesh, Uttrakhand -249201
    Contact no-0135-2433658, 7351009107


    ! FACILITIES & AMENITIES !

    Project Duration

    2012-2018

    Participants

    Shepherds, Woollen Artisans, and Women Beneficiaries

    Project Location

    Common Facility Service Centre (CFSC ), Upper Road Dhalwala, Muni Ki Reti, Dist. Tehri Garhwal, Uttrakhand.